benefits of strength training

Main Benefits of Strength Training [Science-Based]

Strength training is a cheap, easy, and satisying way of improving your overall health and lifespan. The long list of benefits of strength training makes this activity one of the best treatments for a wide range of diseases and stages.

In this post we'll give a brief introduction to what strength training is and the main disciplines practiced worldwide.

Ready? Let's go!!


Strength training is done by adding an opposed force to your muscle. This can be achieved by using different materials:

  • Body weight: push ups, pull ups, squats, planks,...
  • Weights: bench press, barbell curls, weighted squat,...
  • Resistance bands: assisted pull ups, lateral walk, adductions,...
  • Kettlebell: swings, sumo squat, windmill,...

By doing that, you induce mechanical tension, the main mechanism of muscle hypertrophy (study).

Practicants of strength training can have different goals. While some focus on performance and athletic results, some others focus more on physical appearance and muscle mass.

Overall, strength training enables anyone to build muscle mass, improve muscle function and train their endurance.

Main Types of Strength Training

Strength training offers a wide diversity of disciplines.

That gives you more opportunities to find your place in an specific discipline to adapt and evolve within that environment.

Hypertrophy Training

Hypertrophy training is the most popular strength discipline. It focuses on increasing muscle size and improving body composition.


The mechanisms underlying muscle hypertrophy are well understood (study), these being:

Hypertrophy training is based on the practice of exercises to specifically train different muscle groups.

Modulating the volume load, intensity and frequency of these exercises (study)(study), you can improve overtime and build muscle mass.


Powerlifting is a much more specific discipline for building maximal muscle strength.

The main movements of this discipline are three: deadlift, squat and bench press. These three movements are tested to see who has the best marks both total and relative (per weight) strength.

Prioritize specific exercises to your main movements in a range of 1-5 reps. But don't forget that muscle mass and muscle strength are highly related (study), and periodized hypertrophy training can also help you on muscle strength.


Weightlifting is one of the only strength disciplines considered an olympic sport.

Weightlifitng movements include the snatch, clean and jerk.

This discipline include maximal strength, muscle hypertrophy and motor function. Due to the complexity of the movements, weightlifting requires of learning motor skills to adapt to the specific movement and lower the risk of injury (study).

Also called Olympian Lifting, this discipline is a much more strict and complex than Powerlifting. Regulations, materials and complexity of the movements makes it a great strength discipline

Main benefits of strength training

Main Benefits of Strength Training

Strength training is one of the best things you can do to improve your health.

In the following 5 min, we'll discover the main benefits of strength training...



Physical Benefits of Strength Training

Strength training is the best and most specific discipline to improve your body composition and physical appearance (study)

Builds your Physique

Strength training is a requisite if you want to improve your body composition. It helps you achieve a greater physique.

In this study, strength training helped improving body image, behaviour, and satisfaction of the subjects studied (study)


Improves muscle function

Muscle tissue is your "small treasure", making up 40% of our body mass and promoting lower risk of fall and healthy aging (study).

However, as we age, muscle tissue deteriorates and may lead to sarcopenia (study).

Exercise, and moreover strength training promote a healthy aging of our muscle tissue (study). Strength training also improves muscle function and muscular fitness outcomes in young adults (study)

Reduces Body Fat

Strength training, together with nutrition are the basis of a weightloss process. Once you have built your weightloss diet, strength training will help you getting where you want.

Strength training favours the reduction of body fat over muscle loss. In this study, diet combined with strength training promoted a higher body fat reduction, while keeping more muscle mass compared to the control group (study)

Body Fat Percentage

Health Benefits of Strength Training

A lot of people is not aware of the importance of strength training in our health.

In the last decade, a huge amount of research has come out backing up strength training as one of the best exercise disciplines to promote health and lifespan...

Improves Cardiovascular Health

Strength training helps you promoting cardiovascular health.

Strength training shows a cardioprotective effect. It improves hypertension (study) and flow-mediated dilation (study).

Not only that, but cardiovascular outcomes also improve by means of both aerobic and resistance exercise (study)

Boosts your Metabolism

Strength training promotes muscle mass. And the more muscle mass, the higher your resting metabolism is (study).

Boosted metabolism can help you prevent weight gain and lower the risk of metabolic diseases (study). Not only that, but it also controls your appetite and hunger (study)

Increases Bone Mineral Density

Osteoporosis increase as we age (study). Lower bone density is linked to higher prevalence of fracture, risk of fall and lower mobility (study).

Strength training stimulates bone mass accretion and promotes bone mineral density (study).

Strength training seems to be one of the best disciplines to promote bone health.

Strength training and bone density

Improves Brain Function

Strength training is highly related to cognitive performance and brain function.

We have enough evidence to conclude that the brain undergoes functional changes, mainly in the frontal lobe, when exposed to strength training (systematic review).


Strength training also led to lower white matter lesion volumes and lower matter atrophy (study).

Studies in rat models also show that physical exercise could induce the generation of new neurons, a process called neurogenesis (study)

Healthy Aging

Aging is oftent the limiting factor for a wonderful and long-lasting life. As we age, brain function, muscle function, bone density, energy production, metabolism,... start deteriorating (study).


Strength training helps you preserving muscle mass and preventing from early bone loss and sarcopenia (study). It also proves to lower brain degradation and mental disorders (study).

Moreover, strength training has an impact on your aging metabolic activity as well. In this study done with older adults, they found strength training to increase resting metabolic rate, possibly by increasing the nervous system activity and increasing fat free mass (FFM) (study)

So, yes, strength training does help you living a longer and better life. It improves your brain health, muscle function and meteabolic activity... among others.

Strength Training and Healthy Aging

Effect on Mitochondrial Activity

Mitochondrias are the power houses of our metabolism. They generate most of your energy's supply (study).

Strength training may improve mitochondrial activity by terms of biogenesis (higher mitochondria production), density (more mitochondrias per unit of area), and function (study).

These results seem promising, but we don't have yet enough evidence to say this actually happens. But this is science, so wait for upcoming results!

Psychological Benefits of Strength Training

Strength training does affect your mood and behaviour. What are the main benefits of strength training on this field? Keep reading!!


Strength Training Builds Your Discipline

Discipline is the ability to control your impulses and feelings and stay on track towards to your goals.

Strength training is part of your weekly routine. Creating small habits can potentially help you on being more disciplined.

Muscle building and strength training is a long-term process, being a great practice for habit building

Raises your Self-Esteem

Self-esteem and self-confidence are central for your mental health and happiness (study). The finding of 'The Self' and being comfortable with who you are, has a huge impact on our lifes.

Strength training has a positive impact on 'The Self' (systematic review). The physical change caused by strength training may explain this rise in self-esteem.

Strength training potentially contributes to your overall happiness and self-esteem. If you want to become confident of who you are and where you are going, go start training!!

Strength Training trains your Willpower

Willpower is the ability to delay gratification, resisting short-term temptations in order to meet long-term goals.

Strength training is a medium-long term discipline, and results don't come overnight.

Thus, strength training does help you train your willpower. It resists short-term temptations and makes you "suffer" during the training session, but it's so gratifiyng when you see the final results after a few months.

Improves Your Mood

Strength training has anxiolytic effects on those who practice it (review).

This anxiolytic effect seems to be related with the intensity of the exercise, with the best results after moderate-high intensities (60-70% RM).

Training also shows to have a huge impact in your mood and behaviour (study). Acute exercise improves positive mood states while decreasing negative ones.

It also increases the secretion of hormones such as dopamine or serotonin, related to happiness and positive behaviour (study)

Exercise and mood


Strength training is one of the best things you can do to improve your life. Beyond having a good physique and having your so desired abs, strength training has a lot of other benefits, even more important than that.

In this post we saw the main benefits of strength training. To sum up, these are englobed in three main fields; health, physique and psyche.

Being these the three main aspects for a succesful and meaningful life, we do recommend everyone to practice some kind of strength training.

2 thoughts on “Main Benefits of Strength Training [Science-Based]”

  1. Pingback: How to Start Exercising: A Beginner's Guide To Exercise - TBS

  2. Pingback: 7 Ways to Make Exercise a Habit 🏆 » TrainingbyScience

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *